Dynamic light scattering study of ionic KNO3-Ca(NO3)2 mixtures

E.A. Pavlatou, G.N. Papatheodorou, A.K. Rizos, G. Fytas

We report spontaneous Brillouin and photon correlation spectroscopic results on the dynamics of the local density fluctuations in the ionic mixed salt xKNO3⋅yCa(NO3)2 with molar ratios 2:1, 3:2, and 1:1. For these mixtures, the density relaxation function g(t) changes from a stretched exponential (β=0.47) near the glass transition temperature Tg, to an exponential (β=1) form at high temperatures, whereas the composition dependence of the relaxation time τ reflects mainly differences between the Tg values. The 3:2 fragile glass (Tg=60°C) is one of the few examples where g(t) is now known from the glass‐like (60–90 °C) to the liquid‐like (T>100 °C) region through the application of various dynamic scattering techniques. The τ(T) and the evolution of the width β of the distribution are discussed in terms of the physical pictures implied by current models of the liquid and glass transition phase.

doi: 10.1063/1.460731

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