Effect of pulse electrodeposition parameters on the properties of Ni/nano-SiC composites

P. Gyftou, E.A. Pavlatou, N. Spyrellis

Applied Surface Science (2008), 254, 5910-5916

Pure nickel and nickel matrix composite deposits containing nano-SiC particles were produced under both direct and pulse current conditions from an additive-free nickel Watts’ type bath. It has been proved that composite electrodeposits prepared under pulse plating conditions exhibited higher incorporation percentages than those obtained under direct plating conditions, especially at low duty cycles. The study of the textural perfection of the deposits revealed that the presence of nano-particles led to the worsening of the quality of the observed [100] preferred orientation. Composites with high concentration of embedded particles exhibited a mixed crystal orientation through [100] and [211] axes. The embedding SiC nano-particles in the metallic matrix by an intra-crystalline mechanism resulted in the production of composite deposits with smaller crystallite sizes and more structural defects than those of pure Ni deposits. A dispersion-hardening effect was revealed for composite coatings independently from applied current conditions. Pulse electrodeposition significantly improved the hardness of the Ni/SiC composite deposits, mainly at low duty cycle and frequency of imposed current pulses.

doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.03.151

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