Self-cleaning behavior of Ni/nano-TiO2 metal matrix composites

S. Spanou, Α.Ι. Kontos, Α. Siokou, Α.G. Kontos, Ν. Vaenas, P. Falaras, E.A. Pavlatou

Electrochimica Acta (2013), 105, 324-332

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nano-particles were immobilized in nickel matrix coatings using the direct current electrodeposition technique. The influence of nickel surface morphology and crystallographic orientation on the photocatalytic activity and photo-induced hydrophilicity of the composite coatings were investigated under UVA illumination. The overall self-cleaning character of the composites was improved following the titania codeposition, as both hydrophilic and photocatalytic effects are present. Simultaneous optimization of the two functionalities was possible via tuning the titania percentage, indicating that the corresponding properties of the composite coatings are associated also to the induced crystalline nickel orientation and the nickel grain size. In particular, the data indicate that both enhanced photocatalytic activity and photo-induced hydrophilicity are achieved by increasing amounts of titania nano-particles embedded in the Ni matrix in combination with reduced grain size of nickel crystallites that are oriented towards the [110] axis.

doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.04.174

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