Encapsulation of antifouling organic biocides in poly(lactic acid) nanoparticles

A.Kamtsikakis, E. Kavetsou, K. Chronaki, E. Kiosidou, E.A. Pavlatou, A. Karana, C. Papaspyrides, A. Detsi, A. Karantonis, S. Vouyiouka

Bioengineering (2017), 4 (4), 81, 2017

The scope of the current research was to assess the feasibility of encapsulating three commercial antifouling compounds, Irgarol 1051, Econea and Zinc pyrithione, in biodegradable poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles. The emulsification–solvent evaporation technique was herein utilized to manufacture nanoparticles with a biocide:polymer ratio of 40%. The loaded nanoparticles were analyzed for their size and size distribution, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency and thermal properties, while the relevant physicochemical characteristics were correlated to biocide–polymer system. In addition, the encapsulation process was scaled up and the prepared nanoparticles were dispersed in a water-based antifouling paint in order to examine the viability of incorporating nanoparticles in such coatings. Metallic specimens were coated with the nanoparticles-containing paint and examined regarding surface morphology.

doi: 10.3390/bioengineering4040081

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